acne & rosacea
What is Rosacea?
Causing excess redness and leaving trails of tiny yet visible blood vessels, rosacea tends to favor fair-skinned middle-aged women, though it can affect almost anyone of any age. Though it can be mistaken for acne or an allergic reaction, rosacea tends to persist over a long period, without treatment.
About 50% of people affected by rosacea have a form of the condition that affects the eyes, causing dryness and redness of the eyelids. Ocular rosacea may precede facial rosacea in some cases. Likewise, older men with rosacea may see rhinophyma develop, an enlargement of the nose. This symptom of rosacea tends to favor men over women. Why some people develop the condition, and others don’t isn’t known. It’s thought that both hereditary and environmental factors play a role, but the precise nature of the condition is not yet determined, nor is rosacea curable. It’s not connected to poor hygiene, and in fact, aggressive washing may make symptoms worse. There are factors that seem to trigger rosacea by increasing blood flow to the face, which may aggravate the red appearance. You may find some or all of these triggers affect you:
- Alcohol use
- Physical exertion or exercise
- Feeling certain emotions
- Exposure to sunlight
- Wind/Temperature extremes
- Hot drinks
- Spicy foods
What is Acne?
Acne affects about 80% of people between the ages of 11 and 30. It’s most common during adolescence, but adults aren’t in the clear. Even after the age of 30, many adults experience outbreaks, especially women. Acne begins when oil glands produce excess oil, which often occurs because of changes in hormones. Androgens & progesterone increase sebum or oil production from the sebaceous gland and more blockage within the follicle. Most oil glands are attached to the hair follicles. When old cells at the skin’s surface block the opening, oil backs up in the follicle. Although acne isn’t caused by bacteria that naturally exist on your skin, they can mix in with the dead cells and clogged oil, causing inflammation and swelling.
How are acne and rosacea treated?
Contemporary laser and broadband light technology provides exciting opportunities to reduce many of the symptoms associated with rosacea and acne. Bopp Dermatology & Facial Plastic Surgery chooses the Cutera Excel V laser system and Broad Band Light therapy to treat rosacea. The Excel V laser penetrates your outer skin and is absorbed by the middle layers, coagulating older tissues, such as collagen and elastin, which starts the generation of new tissue to replace it, in a gradual and painless process over a few weeks.
The laser is also absorbed by the visible blood vessels below the skin’s surface. These are then broken down and removed through the lymphatic system, leaving your skin smoother, with less discoloration. Similarly, Broadband Light destroys the unwanted blood vessels that accompany Rosacea and causes inflamed redness.
Skin care is essential for preventing and treating acne. Dr. Bopp can recommend the best products and regimens for your age and skin type. As a general guideline, your skin does better when you avoid harsh products and vigorous scrubbing.